Digital infringers are developing new methods to profit from distributing pirated books, and continue to utilize many strategies to hide their activities. In October, the Department of Commerce issued a notice of inquiry requesting comments regarding protecting copyrighted works from online infringement. The Association of American Publishers prepared comments on behalf of the book publishing industry after seeking input from ECPA and others. Those comments include a description of ECPA’s lengthy but ultimately successful effort to shut down the Biblecentre site, as well as an account of AAP’s lawsuit against Rapidshare in Germany. The comments also provide a helpful assessment of the state of digital piracy and the legislative tools needed to help publishers combat piracy. In January, ECPA will issue a Legal Update to its membership which will address these issues more fully, including legislation currently pending on Capitol Hill to address rogue web sites.